Begonia Elatior



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Elatior begonia (Begonia x elatior) is the most popular type of home begonia. This species belongs to the number of hybrids, and it was obtained by crossing the Socotran and tuberous begonias. This type of tubers are absent. One of its distinguishing features is its thick stems.

Elatior can reach a height of 40 cm. The unusually picturesque flowers of this begonia, combined with dense rich green foliage, look very impressive. With proper care, elatior blooms for a long time and abundantly. Decorative qualities make it possible to use it not only for home decoration, but also as an original alternative to the usual festive bouquet. The beauty of Elatior flowers can impress and delight almost any hero of the occasion.

Elatior begonia care at home

The begonia elatior flower is quite capricious in its care, but any neat and attentive florist should be able to take care of it. Negative changes in external conditions can negatively affect the state of the plant. Begonia should be protected from stress and create a suitable microclimate for it.

Location and lighting

The quality of growth and the abundance of begonia flowering directly depends on the correct lighting. But the bright light needed by the plant must be diffused. Direct rays can leave burns on the leaves, and the evening is no exception. Excessive brightness can also adversely affect the appearance of flowers. Under such light, they decrease in size, turn pale and lose their terry. In hot weather, they need to be shaded. Daylight hours for begonias do not have to be long; it does not require the use of lamps.

Moderately lit western and eastern windows are considered optimal for growing such begonias. In addition, to maintain the decorative effect of the bush, wilted flowers must be removed regularly.

Optimum temperature

Begonia is a heat-loving plant that does not tolerate frost. A room with a constant temperature of 21-25 degrees is best suited for good flower development. At home, it should be protected from cold drafts and temperature changes.

Watering rules

Unlike many home flowers, begonia does not need abundant watering. On warm spring and summer days, it is better to do this only after at least half of the earthen coma has dried. In autumn and winter, the already small water dose is reduced. In hot periods, you can additionally spray the leaves of the plant, but this should be done after sunset to avoid burns. You can irrigate not the flower itself, but the area around it. To humidify the air around the pot, you can use a pallet with damp moss, pebbles or expanded clay.

Planting and soil selection

The ideal soil for planting begonias should be good for water and air permeability, as well as be loose and light. To prevent water from stagnating in the soil, a sufficient layer of waterproof drainage is arranged at the bottom of the planting tank, and sand and baking powder are added to the soil itself. Mature plants do not always tolerate transplanting. If it is needed, you should be careful in the process and use the transshipment method. This will protect the vulnerable begonia roots from unwanted damage. Due to their small size, small pots are suitable for a flower. If you are not sure that the plant will take root in a new place, you can cut several cuttings from it in advance.

Fertilization

The choice and dosage of fertilizers can significantly affect the health of the begonias. Careful application of mineral supplements will promote the growth and development of the flower. This should be done no more than once a week. Organic dressings, on the other hand, should be avoided. The nitrogen contained in them has a negative effect on the plant. The aerial part becomes watery and brittle, there is a risk of rot development. Another unpleasant result of using organic matter is weak flowering and shrinking of buds.

Resting care

Although elatior can continue to bloom in winter, a little later, these begonias also enter a dormant period. Taking care of the flower at this time is somewhat different from usual. For a resting plant, an area where the temperature is kept within 20 ° C degrees is suitable. Readings below 18 ° C can lead to the death of begonias. Watering at this time is reduced by about three times, and foliage no longer requires spraying. A few weeks before the start of the "vacation" of the flower, you should stop feeding.

So that after winter "hibernation" begonia quickly regains its former decorative effect, its stems can be cut to 7-8 cm. During this period, the bush is watered a little less until new leaves appear. In early March, you can additionally stimulate the growth of the plant by fertilizing it with a specialized preparation - Epin or Zircon. It is permissible to use both, but you should not do it at the same time. The use of such stimulants will help strengthen the plant's immunity.

Breeding methods for begonia elatior

Elatior reproduces in two ways: by seed or cuttings. The first one is optimal for the early spring period. But due to the microscopic size of the seeds, this method is rarely used. In addition, only Charisma is suitable for seed propagation.

Cutting is carried out in mid-spring, during the period of active growth. It helps not only to get layering, but also to rejuvenate the flower itself. Strong and healthy adult shoots at least 7 cm long or large leaves are suitable for this procedure. The cut off stalk for rooting is placed in a glass of water or in a container with perlite or vermiculite. These mixtures allow the cut to be disinfected. You can also use sphagnum moss instead. A plant grown from a cuttings is further formed with the help of a pinch. This will turn it into a neat and elegant bush.

Pests and diseases

The main disease that begonia is prone to is powdery mildew. It appears on plants kept in cool and humid environments. Dew spreads quickly, and in order to avoid further infection, it is necessary immediately after the appearance of signs of the disease - round white spots on the leaves - to treat the flower with special fungicides.

Stagnant water at the roots can lead to rotting. As a prophylaxis for such diseases, including black leg, phytosporin is added to the water for irrigation. Timely cleaning of the plant from wilted flowers is also able to prevent the development of putrefactive processes.

Among the pests that can attack domestic begonia are thrips, aphids and spider mites. It is worth examining the leaves and stems of plants more often in order to notice and treat the affected area in time. In advanced cases, the remaining healthy twigs can be cuttings.

How to grow Elatior begonia


I bought the Borias begonia. Tell us about the features of this begonia.

Begonia "Borias" refers to hybrid begonias Elatior (Begonia elatior) is a perennial herb grown in England. Plants of this species are also often called winter begonia (B. hiemalis) for flowering in winter (although many varieties bloom almost continuously for many months under good conditions).
Elatior begonias are valued for their compact shape and bright, abundant, long flowering. For many flowers (simple or double), closely spaced on multi-tiered peduncles, and luscious shiny leaves, these begonias are called "bouquets in a pot". The flowers of Elatior begonias are predominantly male, female flowers may appear at the end of flowering or with mistakes in care.
Begonia Elatior prefers a bright, but protected from direct sunlight location with a temperature of at least 18 degrees. Regular moderate watering is important without overdrying and waterlogging the substrate.High air humidity can provoke the appearance of fungal diseases in begonia.
Top dressing of Elatior begonias during the active growing season is carried out twice a month; the period of its relative dormancy runs from the second half of February to the end of March.
The Elatior begonia bushes that have lost their decorative effect (but without signs of disease) are cuttings - it reproduces by apical and leafy cuttings - and it is better to root cuttings to remove cuttings in spring, although if necessary this can be done at other times of the year. Usually, at the end of March, Elatior begonia is pruned to cause active branching of the bush, and in the summer for this, the ends of the growing branches are periodically pinched.

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Winter flowering begonias care

Unlike Tubergybrids, Elatior and Lorrain begonias require less fresh air and grow well indoors. Their growing conditions are similar.

What to look for when buying Elatior begonias. Be sure to remove the decorative wrapping and carefully examine the leaves and base of the stem. The leaves should not have large, weeping spots with gray fluff. This is a gray rot, which begonias are highly susceptible to. The base of the stem should be smooth, shiny, evenly colored, yellowish or slightly reddish, without brown spots or dents. Inspect for pests, be sure to look into the flowers for thrips.

After the purchase, begonias can shed some of the flowers, this is due to stress due to transportation and frequent changes in conditions. Usually they quickly regain buds and bloom as long as they have enough light.

Shine bright is necessary, but the summer direct midday sun should be avoided. Some varieties of Elatior begonias, after gradual adaptation, are able to withstand direct sun, in summer they can be planted in flower beds. In winter, we must provide them with the brightest place. Begonias are short-day plants. Daylight hours less than 13 hours will stimulate the formation of flower buds, and more than 14 hours will lead to vegetative growth. In summer, a slight reduction in daylight hours may be required, and in winter it is advisable to organize artificial illumination to ensure the required intensity and duration of daylight hours about 10-12 hours. Begonia Elatior can bloom almost all year round if provided with sufficient intense light, and a short period of short days will stimulate the formation of flower buds at any time of the year.

The flowering time of the Lorrain begonia falls in the winter, which is why it is often called the Christmas begonia. If you shorten the daylight hours in summer, then you can wait for flowering at this time of the year.

Temperature... Begonias do not tolerate heat well. The optimum temperature of the content is within + 20 + 22 o C during the day and about + 12 + 15 o C - at night. On hot days, keep the plant in an air-conditioned room, but not under a stream of refrigerated air.

Air humidity. Begonia prefers a humidity of at least 50%. Direct spraying on the leaves is not recommended; humidify the air with a fine spray next to the plant twice a day. When using a humidifier, do not place it in the immediate vicinity of the plant.

Watering regular but moderate. Begonias are afraid of waterlogging, stagnation of water in the ground. Water on top with warm, settled water and only after the top layer has dried, trying not to get on the base of the stem and leaves. Be sure to drain excess water from the sump 15 minutes after watering.

Top dressing applied from spring to autumn, when begonia is actively growing, with complex fertilizers for indoor plants (NPK = 15-30-15) in a half dose.

Soil and transplant. Begonias need a loose, well-drained substrate. For their cultivation, ready-made universal slightly acidic peat soil with the addition of perlite up to 1/3 of the volume of the mixture is suitable. The pots should not be large - transplant in the spring by neat transfer into a pot of the next size (2 cm wider), if the roots have mastered the lump well. Too heavy, dense soil and a large volume of soil can lead to waterlogging, root disease and stem rot.

Bloom. Elatior begonias and Lorrain begonias are called winter-flowering, as opposed to summer-flowering Tuberhybrids. It takes a short daylight hours (less than 12-13 hours) to stimulate the setting of flower buds. Cool temperatures at night also stimulate flowering. Such conditions develop naturally in the fall, and therefore flowering occurs in the winter. For a full-fledged lush flowering, bright light is needed; with insufficient lighting, flowering will not occur or will be scarce and short-lived. If the plants are provided with intense light and a short daylight hours, then flowering can be caused at any time of the year, which is the basis for the year-round industrial cultivation of Elatior begonias. Under favorable conditions, flowering can last for several months, Elatior begonias are able to bloom almost all year round. With the end of flowering, you should remove the old peduncle, shorten too long shoots, if necessary, take cuttings for rooting.

Pruning and shaping... Old leaves and faded peduncles must be removed in time. Small pruning should be done when flowering is complete. Winter flowering begonias, Elatior and Lorrain are perennial herbaceous plants. But they are short-lived, after a few years the bushes lose their decorative effect and require renovation.

Reproduction produced in a vegetative way, by rooting stem cuttings. But like any begonias, these varieties can be grown from leaf cuttings using the technology of propagation of rhizome begonias. However, this will take much longer.

Cuttings can be taken immediately after the end of the flowering shoot. Or pre-season the plant with long daylight hours to stimulate vegetative growth. For rooting, apical shoots 5-7 cm long are suitable. The bottom leaf is removed, the cut is allowed to dry a little, dust it with dry Kornevin and planted in a slightly moistened peat soil with perlite. The planted stalk is placed in a greenhouse. The optimum rooting temperature is about +20 o C. Daylight hours should be about 16 hours. Can be rooted in water, carefully monitoring its purity. Cuttings taken from recently purchased Dutch plants do not root well, the plants are still under the influence of various stimulants that interfere with rooting. They will begin to take root well only after 6-12 months.

Sometimes on sale you can find seeds of hybrids of the first generation F1 begonias, from which you can grow the begonias Elatior and Lorrain. But the varietal plants themselves do not give seeds.


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I don't know if this will help you or not, but here's what I found for you.
Elatior begonia care at home

For the successful cultivation of elatior begonias in an apartment, she needs to create a number of conditions.

Lighting. Although the plant prefers bright light, it does not grow well in areas exposed to sunlight. For him, diffused light with an illumination level of 3000 - 3900 lux is desirable. West and east facing windows are best suited. The south side will require shading during daylight hours, while the north side may not have enough light.

It should be remembered that the more light the plant receives, the more abundantly it blooms, but at the same time the flowers are smaller, with a pale color, the number of petals in double varieties decreases. And direct sunlight also leads to leaf burns.

Begonia elatior is a short day plant, lasting about 8 hours, so even in winter it does not need additional illumination.

Temperature. The plant is very thermophilic, the temperature of its content should be moderate, not lower than 18 ° C. At lower values, the development of root and stem rot, growth inhibition and death of leaves and stems is possible.

In addition, begonia does not tolerate drafts and temperature changes. Therefore, when ventilating the room, you need to ensure that cold air does not get on it.

Watering. Watering the plant must be extremely careful and avoid stagnation of water in the pot. It is best to keep the begonia in a semi-dry state, allowing at least half of the time to dry the earthy coma. The bay, constantly wet earth, and even more stagnant water in the pot, will quickly lead to rotting of the plant and its death.

Humidity. Begonia elatior prefers high humidity, but it is not recommended to spray it, since moisture on the leaves and stems can contribute to the occurrence of various fungal diseases and rot. The easiest way to increase the humidity is by placing the plant pot on a pallet with wet expanded clay or next to a container of water.

The soil. For growing a plant, ready-made soil for begonias is suitable, to which you need to add a baking powder, such as perlite or vermiculite. If you prepare the soil mixture yourself, then it must be borne in mind that it must be nutritious, air and water permeable. For its preparation, you can take one part of leaf, peat and humus soil and 1/2 part of sand.

Top dressing. During the flowering period, begonias are fed once a week with mineral fertilizer for flowering plants, using half the dose indicated on the package. Experienced flower growers recommend Kemira-Lux fertilizer for these purposes.

Organic dressings, especially nitrogen-containing ones, are undesirable. They contribute to the growth of already thick, fleshy stems, adding wateriness to them, which, in turn, easily leads to decay.

Dishes and transplant. Elatior begonia has a poorly developed root system, therefore, for its cultivation, shallow pots are taken, the diameter of which is equal to the height.

Plants are usually not transplanted, since after flowering begonia is simply thrown away, after cutting off the cuttings for a new planting. In addition, the plant does not tolerate transplanting well and may die because of it.

Pinching and trimming. When growing a young plant, it needs regular pinching to form a lush bush. You should also remove faded flowers and inflorescences, the support of which takes away the strength of the begonias, and just badly affects the appearance.

Reproduction. Elatior begonia is propagated by stem or leaf cuttings, cutting them off from a faded specimen. Cuttings are best rooted in landless substrates such as perlite or vermiculite. It can also be rooted in a glass of water, in which you should put an activated carbon tablet.

Pests and diseases. Of the pests, infection with spider mites, aphids or mealybugs is most likely. Since it is undesirable to rinse or spray the leaves and stems, you can try to destroy the pests with "folk methods": place the plant in a spacious plastic bag, putting a cotton swab abundantly moistened with dichlorvos there. In this case, you need to make sure that the cotton wool with poison does not touch the foliage or soil.


Types of decorative blooming room begonia: names and photos

These plants are a great choice for a home garden. Eternal flowering begonia is unpretentious in home care. Photos of plant varieties.

Ever-flowering begonia

Such begonias do not stop flowering almost all year round. Leaves are usually dense, small, oval in shape. In order for the plant to withstand the pressure of the buds, small wooden sticks are usually inserted into the soil, as in the photo.

Supportive treatments for ever-flowering begonia.

Caring for ever-flowering begonia at home involves periodic rejuvenation, transplanting by cuttings.

Ampelnaya

This type of begonia is often used in landscaping. It looks great in a flower pot.

Begonia ampelous in pots. Ampelous begonia is used to decorate steps and stairs, as well as gazebos.

The plant has curly flowers that create a voluminous and branched structure throughout the plant. The flower belongs to the category of tuberous, in the photo ampelous begonia before planting.

The best time to plant a new plant is from February to April. It is during this period that daylight hours are optimal for tuber germination, and the sun's rays are not scalding.

Rules for planting ampelous begonias: step-by-step instructions with a photo

We take the tuber already known to us. They are sold at any flower shop. When you buy a flower, pay attention to its density and elasticity. You cannot take solid tubers, they have lost the necessary moisture and will not germinate! Do not freeze the planting material on the way from the store.

PhotoActions
We pickle our tuber with special preparations - Maxim summer resident, Vitoros, Fitosporin. Dissolve according to the norm. The drug is of a caustic, poisonous color, so that you do not in any case confuse it with any other liquid. You can hold for 20 minutes. This will prevent our plant from fungal parasites that may have appeared during transportation.
It is necessary to plant with the concave part up. These tubercles are the remainder of the previous stem, it is from here that the first buds will go, and then the sprouts.
Cooking containers. Our soil is disinfected with Gleocladin. Trichoderma mushroom can be added. The soil is moist enough. We remove part of the earth from the pots.
In the sun, begonia dries up very quickly, in order not to water every day, we add a hydrogel. This hydrogel should fill the container by about 1/3. This viscous substance absorbs excess moisture, and then gives it to the flower in portions, thereby providing such passive watering. Once the hydrogel is applied, you can water it.
We fill up the rest of the earth, but not completely. Since, when the stems from these tubers are formed, they will rise, and it will be necessary to add earth to them.
We deepen just a little bit so that such "shoulders" of tubers remain on the surface. You don't need to do anything else, since our kidney was moistened with geoclodine in advance, plus we added a hydrolel. The plant must "breathe" in the open air
This is how our sprouts look like in a month. When they first appear, it is best to sprinkle them with vermiculite. This material is like sand. It prevents rot from developing near the root collar and helps to avoid waterlogging.

Ampel begonia - features of home care in winter

In winter, ampelous begonia does not bloom. However, due to the lush green "tent", it looks good enough. It is important not to overflow the plant during this period. In addition, it is necessary to provide sufficient illumination. If the daylight hours are short, it is better to consider additional lighting. In winter, the main danger for begonias is drafts and temperature changes! Since February, the grown leaves must be pruned.

Elatior

The flower is a hybrid, the result of a "close friendship" between tuberous and Socotran begonia.

Features of Elatior begonia care at home

Almost a greenhouse plant. Afraid of temperatures below 20 ° C and drafts. The shoots are quite fragile, therefore, as we have already shown, it is better to support the flower with a tall pot or sticks.

Begonia Elatior. Begonia Elatior Rebecca.

Bicolor inflorescences of different shades delight lovers of fragrant beauty until late autumn.

IT'S IMPORTANT TO KNOW!

Periodic breakage of flowers will help to stimulate active flowering.

For active flowering, the plant needs rich daylight, but it cannot be placed in direct sunlight. This can burn the leaves. However, too much shading can result in the flower not blooming at all.

Fimbriata

Sometimes called velvet, it looks like a terry towel. The flowers are quite lush. Needle-like, a little like carnation flowers. A particularly favorite variety is Fimbriata yellow.

Begonia Fimbriata. Velvet begonia.

In terms of beauty, such plants are not inferior to chrysanthemums and roses. Begonia Fimbriata yellow is not whimsical to care for, planting in open ground is allowed.

Pikoti

Differs in an interesting two-tone color. The process of active flowering of each bud can reach three to four weeks. Flowering usually begins in late spring. It belongs to the type of tuberous begonias, the photo shows how unusual the color of this flower is.

The rest period for this begonia begins with the arrival of autumn. It is better to pluck even ripe buds at this time in order to leave strength to the leaves.

Catalog of indoor flowers with photos and their names. In a special publication of our portal, we will tell you in detail about indoor flowers. You will learn about the types of indoor flowers, fruit indoor flowers and see a detailed photo gallery.


Begonia transplant after purchase

As mentioned above, you should not rush into this matter. While there is time, we will take care of the pot and soil. Some gardeners advise cutting off the buds of the flowering variety. It is also advised to do with leafy species, for example, with tiger begonias. Her leaves are cut off. The plant needs strength for further development. Here begonia will gain strength, and then it will delight you with lush flowering.

The best choice for any indoor flower is a ceramic or earthen pot with drainage holes. Begonia doesn't like big pots. Better to change them as you grow. For a purchased plant, you should take a pot of the same diameter and height as the shipping container.

Begonia prefers light, nutritious soil with good air and moisture permeability. The delicate root system of the plant does not tolerate heavy soils. High acidity is also harmful to her. You can prepare the soil mixture yourself. To do this, we combine the following components: peat, leaf humus and sand in a ratio of 2: 2: 1. Special primers are also available for sale. They are made from the right types of soil with the addition of the necessary nutrient mixtures. Therefore, in some cases, it makes sense to purchase them. For example, "Respect Begonia", "Garden of Wonders Begonia" and others.

The time for adaptation has passed, it's time to transplant the begonia into a permanent pot. This is done like this:

  1. Wash the new container thoroughly beforehand. Particularly careful maintenance requires a pot in which flowers have already been grown. Let's not forget to scald the inside and outside of the container.
  2. Place a small layer of expanded clay on the bottom. To prevent the begonia roots from rotting, add some charcoal.
  3. We fill in a small layer of prepared soil.
  4. Thoroughly spill the flower with water and after half an hour remove it from the old container. We rinse the roots in a bath with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. So we will protect the plant, and we will get rid of the remnants of the old soil.
  5. There are rotten or dead roots, carefully cut them off. Sprinkle the slices with a crushed charcoal tablet.
  6. Place the begonia in a new pot, straighten the roots and add fresh soil. Do not pour the soil flush with the edges of the pot, leave 1 cm for watering.
  7. The root collar during transplantation should be in the same position as in the old container. Don't bury it. In tuberous begonia, the tuber itself is also not completely buried.
  8. Lightly crush the poured earth with your fingers. No need to ram it. Over time, the soil will settle on its own. But if the roots appear, it is imperative to add earth.


Description

Various varieties of begonias in the wild are widespread in tropical and subtropical regions of South and North America, Africa and Asia.

Form: perennial herb.

Begonia - the name of the genus of perennial herbaceous plants, shrubs, shrubs and lianas with a creeping rhizome or tuber. Stem begonias branched. Begonia leaves are usually asymmetrical.

There are species with decorative leaf color. Flowers are irregular in shape, varied in color. Deciduous begonias - species with variegated leaves are used only as indoor plants.

These are such species as Rex begonia, or royal begonia, Mason begonia, Bauer's begonia, cuff begonia, hogweed begonia, tiger begonia, Cleopatra begonia, metal begonia, spotted begonia, blood begonia, creedner begonia, collar begonia.

Begonias blooming in autumn and winter are also used exclusively in indoor floriculture. These are Elatior begonia, Lorrain begonia, coral begonia, alfalfa begonia.

In garden floriculture, only three types are mainly used.

Tuberous begonia (B. tubergybrida) is the combined name of garden hybrid forms and varieties of perennial herbaceous tuberous plants with fleshy juicy branching stems up to 25-30 centimeters high.

The pubescent leaves are oblique-heart-shaped, dark green on the underside, reddish or green on the top.

Tuberous begonia (B. tubergybrida)

The edge of the leaf blade is unevenly serrated. Dissolved begonia flowers, depending on the variety, can be simple, semi-double or double. The fruit is a winged capsule. Begonia bloom begins in June and lasts until September.

Depending on the size of the flowers, there are large-flowered tuberous begonias (the flower diameter reaches from 7 to 20 centimeters), medium-flowered (up to 7 centimeters) and small-flowered (multiflora begonia) with flowers up to 4 centimeters in diameter.

Pendula begonia (B. tubergybrida pendula) - subspecies, tuberous ampelous begonia.

Ever-flowering begonia (B. semperflorens) is the general name for hybrid forms and varieties of plants about 15 centimeters high, with a strongly branching stem that forms small decorative bushes.

The leaves of ever-flowering begonia are green, smooth, shiny. Simple or double flowers are collected in small shields located at the top of the stem. Flowering lasts from early summer until the first frost. Flowers of ever-flowering begonias can be red, pink, white or flesh-colored.

Begonia graceful, or Viennese begonia (B. gracilis) is a perennial tuberous herb with an erect stem up to 60 centimeters high. The leaves of begonia gracilis are deep green, round or lanceolate. The edge of the leaf blade is serrated. The flowers are solitary, white, pink or red.

Conditions for growing begonias

The begonia plant belongs to the shade-tolerant group. It develops equally well both in open and shaded areas, however, with sufficient illumination, it blooms more abundantly.

Begonia is very thermophilic and absolutely does not tolerate frost. The soil for begonias needs rich, well-drained, slightly acidic soil.

Application of begonia

The begonia flower in the garden can be used in flower beds, ridges, in group plantings. An interesting solution is ever-flowering begonia on a rocky hill.

Ampelous begonia looks great in hanging baskets and pots. Tuberous begonia is used both in flower beds and as a pot and container culture.

Begonia care

Begonias need abundant watering during the growing season and moderate during the flowering period. During the summer, fertilizing with organic and mineral fertilizers is required.In the fall, at the first frost, the begonia tubers should be dug up.

Begonia in winter is stored in a dark, dry and cool place (air temperature - 3-5 degrees). In February-March, tubers begin to germinate again in pots.

Planting begonias in open ground is possible only at the end of May - beginning of June, when warm weather is finally established. Ever-flowering begonia in garden floriculture is most often grown as an annual.

If desired, it is possible to transplant begonias into pots for the winter. Home begonia is contained in the southwest and southeast windows. Watering in winter is somewhat limited. In general, growing begonias is not so difficult and affordable for most gardeners.

Reproduction of begonias

Begonia can be propagated by seeds, cuttings, dividing tubers (for tuberous begonias). Seed propagation is very efficient. Begonia from seeds blooms in the first year. Sowing can be carried out from late December to early March.

For tuberous begonias, the optimal sowing time is January, for ever-flowering begonia - February. Begonia seeds are very small, so it is advisable to mix them with sand before sowing so that the plantings are not overly thickened.

A soil mixture is used leaf earth + peat + sand (ratio 2: 1: 1). The seeds are not covered. Crops should be covered with glass or foil. Watering is done through the pallet. The pick can be carried out at the stage of 2-3 true leaves. Seedlings of begonia are planted in open ground in early summer.

For propagation of begonias by cuttings, germination of mother tubers begins in January. In February, the emerging sprouts are neatly broken out. It is enough to leave 2-3 buds on the tuber.

Places of breaks should be sprinkled with crushed charcoal. The cuttings are treated with a growth stimulant and planted in the same soil mixture as in seed propagation. Rooting usually takes place within a month.

The division of begonia tubers is also carried out in the spring. The tubers are pre-germinated. Then they are cut into 2-3 parts with kidneys, the places of the cuts are treated with charcoal powder. Then the tubers are planted as usual.

Tuberous begonia is perhaps the easiest to grow. Planting begonias with tubers is carried out in the spring in open ground after the threat of frost has passed.

How to plant begonia? The tubers are planted so that the concave parts with the eyes are facing upward with a slight slope - so that water does not linger in the recess. Planting depth is about 2-3 centimeters. For earlier flowering, tubers can be planted in pots from the end of February.

You can learn more about how to grow begonia from specialized literature.

Diseases and pests

If the agrotechnology of begonia is properly followed, the plant is quite susceptible to disease.

Begonia can be affected by aphids, false scutes, whiteflies, thrips, root knot nematodes, and leaf nematodes. Most often, begonias are affected by pests in greenhouses and greenhouses.

Begonia diseases - gray rot, powdery mildew, ring spot, bacterial spot. To combat pests and various diseases, begonia is treated with appropriate chemicals, sucking insects and weeds are removed. It is advisable to separate plants affected by diseases from other begonias.

Begonia dries with a lack of light, excess moisture in the soil.

Begonia varieties

Tuberous begonia varieties

'Kelblutrot' is a large-flowered variety with bright scarlet flowers.

The ‘Golden Ball’ is a large-flowered yellow begonia.

The ‘Fireball’ is a decorative flowering begonia with large red flowers.

‘Orange’ is a large-flowered variety with orange flowers.

'Rainwise' is a large-flowered begonia with snow-white flowers.

'Gelb' is a medium-flowered terry begonia with lemon-yellow flowers.

'Kupferorange' - reddish-orange flowers up to 7 centimeters in diameter.

'Rose' is a medium-flowered pink begonia.

'Mouth' is a medium-flowered begonia with dark red flowers.

'Weiss' is a white medium-flowered begonia.

'Wilhelm Eisser' - small red flowers.

'Frau Elena Kharms' - delicate golden small flowers.

'Firerot' is a small-flowered begonia with bright red flowers.

'Haimat' is a variety of orange-flowered begonias about 4 centimeters in diameter.

'Marmorata' is a large-flowered terry variety. Begonia ‘Marmorata’ is distinguished by bright white flowers, speckled with red strokes. Red edging along the edge of the petals.

'Prima Donna' is a group of varieties with large, double-flowered flowers. The prima donna begonia is distinguished by highly corrugated petals. The color of the flowers is white, red, pink.

'Crispa marginata' is a group of begonia varieties with curly-edged flowers. Crisp marginata begonia flowers are white or yellow with red edging. Plant height is about 25 centimeters.

'Pikoti' is a group of terry large-flowered begonia varieties. Pikoti begonia flowers are white, yellow or light pink with pink edging along the edge of the petal.

'Fimbriata' is a group of varieties with carnation flowers. The petals of the 'Fimbriata' begonia are heavily cut along the edge. Another name is fringed begonia.

'Go-go' is a group of varieties of undersized large-flowered terry begonia. Shoots of 'Go-go' begonias are 20-25 centimeters long.

Pendula begonia varieties

'Margarita' is a variety with lemon-yellow camellia-like flowers 6-8 centimeters in diameter. The length of the shoots is 30-45 centimeters.

‘Chanson’ is a group of varieties of ampelous begonias with double and semi-double flowers with a diameter of 5-6 centimeters, located on long peduncles. Shoots of 'Chanson' begonias reach 30-40 centimeters in length. Colors - white, red, yellow, orange.

Varieties of ever-flowering begonias

'Firemeer' is a cultivar with bright red flowers.

'Olomouc' is an early, low-growing hybrid begonia. Olomouc begonia flowers are snow-white.


Conclusion

Begonias are truly amazing plants that amaze with their beauty and elegance. They will be an excellent decoration for an apartment or private house, and will also make the garden brighter and more attractive. These flowers very rarely get sick and are unpretentious to care for, so both experienced and novice florists will be able to cope with their cultivation. Be sure to get at least one begonias and you won't be disappointed.


Watch the video: Begonia elatior


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